Glossary of Terms

Advisory Board – A group of individuals whose role is to represent the perspectives and interests of northern residents and communities and to advise the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development (AANDC) to help guide the management, direction, and activities of the Nutrition North Canada Program. Nutrition North Canada Advisory Board

Commercially prepared foods – Foods that are prepared and distributed by food manufacturers, and that individuals typically buy in a store. These foods can be fresh, frozen, raw or cooked and are usually pre-packaged.

Community eligibility list – A list of isolated communities which are eligible for the Nutrition North Canada Program. These communities lack year-round access to surface transportation. Eligible Communities and Subsidy Rates

Country foods – Foods that are often obtained through local hunting, fishing or harvesting activities. Examples include caribou, ptarmigan, seal, Arctic char, shellfish and berries.

Direct orders – A provision under the Nutrition North Canada Program that gives individuals and certain institutions (e.g. schools, daycares) in eligible communities access to the program's subsidy when they buy eligible items directly from a supplier in the South that is registered with the program. Direct orders made by individuals are often referred to as "personal orders".

Northern retailers (also see Southern suppliers) – Retailers who operate stores located in communities that are eligible for the Nutrition North Canada Program and who sell foods that are eligible under the program. These retailers are registered as a business with the Canada Revenue Agency and have an agreement with AANDC to govern the funds (the subsidy) they receive under the Nutrition North Canada Program. Information for Retailers, Country Food Processors and Suppliers

Non-food items – Products that are eligible for a subsidy in Old Crow, Yukon, under the Nutrition North Canada Program. Examples of eligible non-food items include diapers, toilet paper and toothpaste. Foods and Non-Food Items Eligible for a Subsidy in Old Crow

Non-perishable foods – Foods which do not spoil quickly when stored at room temperature. Examples include dry pasta, dehydrated vegetables and canned fruit.

Perishable foods – Foods that spoil quickly especially if they are not stored at the proper temperature; perishable foods can be fresh or frozen. Examples include meats, milk, bread, fresh vegetables and frozen fruit.

Retail subsidy – An amount of money that the federal government transfers under the Nutrition North Canada Program to registered northern retailers and southern suppliers to help reduce the cost of perishable, nutritious foods in eligible isolated, northern communities.

Southern suppliers (also see Northern Retailers) – Retailers and wholesalers who operate a business located in Canada but not in a community that is eligible for the Nutrition North Canada Program and who sell foods that are eligible under the program. They are registered as a business with the Canada Revenue Agency and have an agreement with AANDC to govern the funds (the subsidy) they receive under the Nutrition North Canada Program. Southern suppliers provide products that are eligible under the Nutrition North Canada Program to small northern retailers, eligible institutions, establishments and individuals living in an eligible community. Information for Retailers, Country Food Processors and Suppliers

Subsidized food list – A list of the types of foods which are eligible for a subsidy under the Nutrition North Canada Program. Subsidized Foods